Three of the Most Dangerous—And Most Common!—Household Toxicities For Pets

Feb 26, 2017 | Emergency Situations, Uncategorized

Pets love to get into things they shouldn’t. Home medications, sweets, or even household plants can be irresistible to curious cats and dogs. They are also often dangerous or even life-threatening for many pets. This article will cover a few of the the top toxicities that bring animals to our veterinary clinic.

Lilies

Every cat-owner with household plants has probably seen their pet chew on the leaves. Several plants are toxic to kitties, but the most dangerous are lilies. Both the leaves and flowers of the lily are toxic to your cat’s kidneys. They can cause renal failure, and can be potentially lethal. Even just a nibble of a leaf can cause an onset of symptoms. If your cat has ingested or been chewing on a lily prompt treatment is necessary for a favorable outcome. Treatment consists of induces vomiting, charcoal treatment, and aggressive intravenous fluids. If your cat develops full renal failure, peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis should be considered.

Candy, gum, and peanut butter

Xylitol is a natural sweetener found in small quantities in certain fruit. Because it is sugar free, xylitol has been used as a sweeter in many foods, candy, gum, and many peanut butters. When ingested, xylitol causes a sudden drop of blood glucose due to an increase in insulin secretion. Effects can often be seen in as little time as fifteen minutes after ingestion. Clinical signs include collapse, lethargy, vomiting, and weakness. Treatment consists of inducing vomiting, serial blood glucose monitoring, and intravenous fluids +/- dextrose. Definitely check the jar of any peanut butters before offering them to your dog as a treat!

Chocolate

Understandably, our pets often love chocolate just as much as we do! However, even a small amount can be dangerous to both cats and dogs.  The most common signs of chocolate toxicity are hyper-excitability, tremors, a fast heart rate, and even seizures. Severe or fatal doses produce a drop in blood pressure, a slow heart rate, and can even lead to a coma. Cocoa beans, baking chocolate, and dark chocolate are the most toxic to your pet. Milk chocolate is still toxic, but requires a larger amount to have the same effect. If your pet has recently ingested the chocolate vomiting can be induced to help them clear it. Activated charcoal with a cathartic can help to bind and move the toxic components of chocolate out of your pet. Further treatment consists of intravenous fluids, gastric lavage, and serial ECG monitoring.

As you may have noticed, although there are many toxins that can affect your pet, prompt identification and treatment is the most important step you can take. However, if you see your pet eat something and are unsure if it may be toxic there is a number you can call. The Pet Poison Helpline is available 24hrs a day, seven days a week to answer your questions. They are reachable at 1-800-213-6680 or on their website www.petpoisonhelpline.com.

For more information, contact our team at VETSS, a Charlottesville VA urgent care animal hospital!

A Summer Guide to Heat Stress and Heat Stroke for Dog Owners

As we get into summer and the temperature rises, it’s important to be aware of how the heat affects your pup. Please read below to recognize the signs of heat stress and know when you should seek veterinary care for your pet. I’m comfortable outside. Why is my dog so...

A Caring Guide to Planning for the Loss of Your Pet

Having pets is one of the most rewarding relationships a person can have. They provide us with humor, love, and lots of snuggles. With all pet families, however, there comes a time when we must say goodbye. Preparing to Say Goodbye to Your Pet For some, this comes...

One Shot. Four Viruses. Protect Your Dog With the DAPP Vaccine

New dog owners are often full of questions: Why does my dog chew this? Why did it eat that? One of the most important questions is, “Why does Lucky need all these vaccines?” Simply put, puppies are very vulnerable to diseases. Which is why it is pretty amazing that...

What to Do When You Find Hurt, Injured, or Lost Wild Animals

As winter ends and spring begins, it will be time for many of us to get back to hiking, kayaking, camping, and gardening. As we do this, we will come into contact with wildlife. This blog will cover a few tips on finding wildlife and what to do when you do so. What...

Resource Topics

A Caring Guide to Planning for the Loss of Your Pet

Having pets is one of the most rewarding relationships a person can have. They provide us with humor, love, and lots...

Facts And Tips For Dog Bite Prevention Awareness Week

In honor of National Dog Bite Awareness week, April 7-13, 2019, we thought we would share with you some...
Comments Box SVG iconsUsed for the like, share, comment, and reaction icons
13 hours ago
VETSS

... See MoreSee Less

3 days ago
VETSS

Get ready for cuteness overload! It’s Domino the miniature bernadoodle! He was so eager to say hello that it made for an entertaining photo shoot. Enjoy! #vetss #cutepuppies #firstvetvisit ... See MoreSee Less

Get ready for cuteness overload! It’s Domino the miniature bernadoodle! He was so eager to say hello that it made for an entertaining photo shoot. Enjoy! #vetss #cutepuppies #firstvetvisitImage attachment
6 days ago
VETSS

We're in the thick of it -- mosquito season! It's easy to forget that these little critters transmit heartworm disease and could infect your pet year round. Nothing like the summer months to remind us that mosquitos are not outdoor only pests - your pet is at risk of contracting heartworm disease now as much as ever. Keep your pets protected - don't miss a dose of monthly prevention.

Want to learn m ore about heartworm disease and how to protect your pet? Look no further! www.heartwormsociety.org/pet-owner-resources/heartworm-basics

When was the last time your pet received their heartworm prevention? Call us today for a refill or to schedule their annual heartworm test.

#WellnessWednesday #heartwormdiseaseprevention #americanheartwormsociety #VETss #protectyourpets #heartwormawareness
... See MoreSee Less

Were in the thick of it -- mosquito season!  Its easy to forget that these little critters transmit heartworm disease and could infect your pet year round. Nothing like the summer months to remind us that mosquitos are not outdoor only pests - your pet is at risk of contracting heartworm disease now as much as ever.  Keep your pets protected - dont miss a dose of monthly prevention.  Want to learn m ore about heartworm disease and how to protect your pet? Look no further! https://www.heartwormsociety.org/pet-owner-resources/heartworm-basics  When was the last time your pet received their heartworm prevention? Call us today for a refill or to schedule their annual heartworm test.  #Wellnesswednesday #heartwormdiseaseprevention #americanheartwormsociety #VETSS #protectyourpets #heartwormawareness
Load more